Atmospheric Composition Focus Area

AC conducts research on Earth’s atmosphere, including its chemical and physical properties, Earth’s energy budget, and air quality.

The Atmospheric Composition focus area (AC) studies the variations in and processes that affect aerosols, clouds, and trace gases, which influence climate, weather, and air quality. AC provides observations and modeling tools to assess the effects of climate change on ozone recovery and future atmospheric composition; improve climate forecasts based on fluctuations in global environmental change; and model past, present, and future air quality, both regionally and globally. This research, combined with observations, data assimilation, and modeling, improves society’s ability to predict how future changes in atmospheric composition will affect climate, weather, and air quality.

 

AC Research Questions

AC research addresses the following overarching questions:

Photo of a polar statospheric cloud

How is atmospheric composition changing?

 

 

Satellite data

What trends in atmospheric composition and solar radiation influence global climate?

 

Satellite data of evaporation

How does atmospheric composition respond to and affect global environmental change?

 

Satellite data visualization in Africa

What are the effects of global atmospheric composition and climate changes on regional air quality?

 

Ozone layer data over globe

How will future changes in atmospheric composition affect ozone, climate, and global air quality?

 

 

AC Associated Missions

The table below lists the missions, campaigns, and instruments relevant to the Atmospheric Composition focus area in all phases of operation. To learn more about the meaning of mission phases, please click here.

ACAssociatedMissionsUpdated2.png

 

Learn more about AC

Atmospheric Composition is split into four different research programs that help focus and advance our understanding of the Earth:

Upper Atmosphere Research Program

The Upper Atmosphere Research Program (UARP) studies the processes and reactions that control the amount of ozone in the upper troposphere and stratosphere. UARP uses observations from satellites, airborne campaigns, ground networks, and laboratory studies to quantify changes in ozone concentration and to better understand the driving forces behind reactions that can either directly or indirectly destroy or create atmospheric ozone and precursors to ozone-destroying compounds. This research contributes significantly to the World Meteorological Organization and the U.N. Environment Programme quadrennial assessments on ozone depletion, as mandated by the Montreal Protocol.

Tropospheric Composition Program

The Tropospheric Composition Program (TCP) studies global tropospheric ozone and aerosols, including their chemical precursors and the reactions involved in their formation and transformation into other chemical compounds. TCP strives to develop an integrated observing system for tropospheric composition, which includes chemical transport models, as well as satellite, airborne, and ground-based observations of tropospheric composition. This integrated observing system is fundamental to create a better understanding of air quality and climate.

Radiation Sciences Program

The Radiation Sciences Program (RSP) conducts research to better understand and predict how aerosols, clouds, and gases scatter and absorb both solar and terrestrially emitted radiation in the Earth’s atmosphere, especially as it relates to climate variability and change. The program supports studies to improve the theoretical understanding of radiative transfer and to improve field measurements of aerosol and cloud particle concentration, composition, microphysics, and optical properties. These measurements include both airborne and surface-based remote and in situ measurements. The program also supports the analysis of satellite remote sensing and field data as well as the development of process models, which contribute to Earth system modeling.

Atmospheric Composition Modeling and Analysis Program

The Atmospheric Composition Modeling and Analysis Program (ACMAP) uses models to help integrate observations from multiple satellite, airborne- and ground-based instruments in four main areas: air quality and oxidation efficiency in the troposphere, how pollution-sourced aerosols affect cloud properties, stratospheric chemistry and ozone depletion, and interactions between atmospheric chemistry and climate. ACMAP also supports small amounts of research into long-term trends in atmospheric composition.

 

AC News and Information

 

How Smoke Rises

Earth Observatory | March 19, 2019
There is only so much that human eyes can detect by looking at a plume of wildfire smoke from space. The color offers clues about the material burning, and the shape of the plume says something about the intensity of the fire.

 

Fires Rage in Victoria

Earth Observatory | March 8, 2019
In early March 2019, a rash of bushfires sprouted across the Australian state of Victoria, particularly in the hills east of Melbourne. Government officials noted at least 380 small and large fires burned in the state in the first week of the month, with the vast majority caused by lightning.

 

Sulfur Dioxide 2018 Update

SVS | February 14, 2019
Sulfur dioxide is an atmospheric pollutant that poses threats to both human health and the environment. High concentrations of sulfur dioxide irritate the eyes, nose, and lungs, and can result in temporary breathing impairment.

 

 

AC for Scientists

 

Scientific Meetings and Conferences

OCO-2/OCO-3 Science Team Meeting
22-23 October 2019

SAGE III/ISS Science Team Meeting
29-30 October 2019
Hampton, Virginia

Research and Funding Opportunities

Solicited program elements relevant to AC are publicized through the Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences (ROSES) NASA Research Announcements (NRAs) on the NASA Solicitation and Proposal Integrated Review and Evaluation System (NSPIRES) website. Past, open, and future solicitations can be searched and viewed on NSPIRES.

Current ROSES solicitations of interest to the Atmospheric Composition community:

 

NASA Research Resources, Associated Programs, and Partnerships

Access NASA data related to Atmospheric Composition and learn more about center-level AC programs and partnerships at the links below:

Guiding and Planning Documents

 

Distributive Active Archive Centers (DAACs)

 

 

NASA Center Programs

 

Interagency and International Partnerships

 

Contact AC

Hal Maring
Lead, Atmospheric Composition Focus Area
Radiation Sciences Program
Contact | Bio

Ken Jucks
Upper Atmosphere Research Program
Contact | Bio

Barry Lefer
Tropospheric Chemistry Program
Contact | Bio

Richard Eckman
Atmospheric Modeling and Analysis Program
Contact | Bio