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Illustration of the Bob payload with and without the external housing

Swarms of Low-Resource Sensors to Probe the Ionosphere

NASA is sponsoring a team developing a new type of payload to collect ionospheric plasma data at multiple points near a suborbital main payload. These low-resource, easily reproducible...
Understanding the Outer Reaches of Earth's Atmosphere Poster

Understanding the Outer Reaches of Earth's Atmosphere

The ionosphere is where Earth's atmosphere gives way to space, and two new NASA missions will work together to uncover its secrets.
Earth's Magnetosphere Poster

Earth's Magnetosphere

Enveloping our planet and protecting us from the fury of the Sun is the magnetosphere, a key to helping Earth develop into a habitable planet.
Cosmic Bow Shocks Poster

Cosmic Bow Shocks

Bow shocks form across the universe, and studying bow shocks can reveal many cosmic secrets.
space weather

New Atmosphere Wind/Temperature Sensor to Improve Space Weather Prediction

Global wind and temperature measurements in the lower thermosphere (100-150 km above Earth) are the two most important variables needed to accurately predict space weather and climate change. An...
Photo of magnetometer circuit next to penny for scale

"Boomless" Magnetometers Will Enable Small Satellite Constellations to Collect Magnetic Measurements

Researchers are developing new types of magnetometers for use on future small satellites that not only fulfill stringent requirements for low-amplitude and high-precision measurements, they are also...
The ICON FUV spectrograph.

Coated Mirrors Achieve Record-setting Far Ultraviolet Reflectance Levels

In 2016, scientists at Goddard Space Flight Center produced mirrors with the highest reflectance ever reported in the farultraviolet spectral range. To develop these mirrors, the team developed a new...
Solar Minimum is Coming Poster

Solar Minimum is Coming

Intense solar activity such as sunspots and solar flares subsides during solar minimum, but that doesn’t mean the sun becomes dull. Solar activity simply changes form.
NASA's Sounding Rockets Poster

NASA's Sounding Rockets

Sounding rocket missions can often be the key to getting a quick answer to a tightly focused science question.