Dr. Jeffrey A. Hoffman
Dr. Jeffrey A. Hoffman, Massachusetts Institute of Technology – Dr. Hoffman is Professor of the Practice and Director of the Man Vehicle Lab at the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dr. Hoffman is interested in the future of human spaceflight and in the use of the International Space Station as a testbed for future aerospace technology. His specialization and research interests are human space flight operations, space flight technology, human-machine interactions, extravehicular activity, and conducting laboratory research in space. Dr. Hoffman is Deputy PI for the MOXIE experiment on NASA’s Mars2020 rover, which will demonstrate the production of oxygen on the Martian surface using local resources (in-situ resource utilization).
A NASA astronaut from 1978-1997, Dr. Hoffman completed five space flights. In 1985 he performed the first contingency space walk in an attempt to repair a faulty communications satellite. During his second space flight in 1990, the crew conducted the ASTRO-1 ultraviolet astronomy mission using specialized telescopes in the space shuttle's cargo bay. Two of Hoffman's missions, in 1992 and 1996, involved the Tethered Satellite System jointly developed by NASA and the Italian Space Agency to demonstrate the generation of electricity from tethered satellites. On his fourth space flight in 1993, Hoffman participated in the first Hubble Space Telescope servicing mission. Widely regarded as one of the most ambitious missions ever attempted by NASA, the astronauts restored Hubble's optical performance by adding instruments that corrected the spherical aberration problem inherent in the telescope's primary mirror when it was launched. During his fifth flight, Hoffman became the first astronaut to log more than 1,000 hours in space aboard the space shuttle. Hoffman has extensive extravehicular activity (EVA) experience, with more than 25 hours spent outside the space shuttle on four separate space walks. Dr. Hoffman’s honors and awards include: NASA Distinguished Service Medals (1994, 1997); Exceptional Service Medals: (1988, 1991, 1993, and 2002); Space Flight Medals (1985, 1991, 1992, 1994, and 1996). In 2007, Dr. Hoffman was elected to the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame.
Dr. Hoffman earned his Ph.D. in astrophysics from Harvard University.