Space StationConstruction Visible Through Backyard Telescopes
March 17, 2009: Talk about a big construction project...
Astronauts are about to add a pair of 115-foot-long solar wings to the International Space Station. The station's solar arrays are the largest deployable space assemblies ever built and the most powerful electricity producing arrays in orbit. Each wing weighs 2,400 pounds, uses 32,800 individual solar cells, and adds about 4000 sq. feet of light-collecting surface area to the ISS. When the work is done, the space station will have enough usable electricity to light up 42 houses.
Amateur astronomers can see it happen with their own eyes.
The International Space Station is so large, its outlines are visible in backyard telescopes. Here, for instance, is the view through a 10-inch Newtonian reflector:
"In December, the space station made a nice pass over my backyard observatory," says photographer Ralf Vandebergh of the Netherlands. "It was about as bright as Venus—you couldn't miss it." He hand-guided his telescope to keep the ISS centered in the field of view and captured the image using a digital video camera attached to the eyepiece.
Vandebergh's snapshot shows six previously-installed solar wings--four port and two starboard. The new arrays will go on the starboard side, rounding out the eight-wing set.
Once complete, the station's power system will generate between 80 and 120 kilowatts of usable electric power. Some of that electricity is needed to operate basic space station systems, but once that is figured in, the addition of the new arrays will nearly double the amount of power available to perform scientific experiments--from 15 kilowatts to 30 kilowatts. The extra power will also double the number of full-time crew the station can support from three to six.
Above: The ISS fully-powered by all eight solar wings, an artist's concept. Credit: NASA  [press kit]
The new wings are en route to the ISS onboard space shuttle Discovery, which left Earth on Sunday, March 15, in a beautiful twilight launch from Kennedy Space Center. In addition to the solar arrays, Discovery is also bringing a 31,000-lb truss segment to complete the station's massive backbone and a thermal radiator to shed heat from newly-powered electronics. If all goes according to plan, the arrays, truss segment, and radiator will be installed during a spacewalk on mission Day 5 (March 19); the arrays will be unfurled accordian-style on mission Day 8 (March 22).
The timing of these events favors sky watchers in the USA and Canada. The ISS (with Discovery docked) is due to fly over many North America towns and cities after sunset in mid- to late-March. Shining brighter than any star, the ISS-Discovery combo takes a leisurely 5 minutes to glide across the sky--plenty of time to point a telescope, take a picture, or just soak up some of the station's growing luminosity.
Check NASA's ISS tracker for flyby times: link.
Author: Dr. Tony Phillips | Credit: Science@NASA
Online ISS Trackers: NASA, Heavens Above, Spaceweather.com
NASA's Future: US Space Exploration Policy