NASA's Climate Briefings series is designed to assist the NASA Headquarters community learn about climate and global change issues.
The series is a service of the Science Mission Directorate's (SMD's) Earth Science Division, a significant contributor to national and worldwide technology, measurements, and research in climate and global change to support scientific understanding and inform policy options.
To ensure uniform and complete implementation of the principles embodied in the NASA Earth science data policy, the following programmatic data system requirements have been created to be utilized in all satellite mission Level 1 Requirements.
*** Note that these requirements are current as of 9 Sep 2011. ***
Products intended to enable users to gain familiarity with the parameters and the data formats.
Product was defined to facilitate data exploration and process studies that do not require rigorous validation. These data are partially validated and improvements are continuing; quality may not be optimal since validation and quality assurance are ongoing.
EOSDIS data products are processed at various levels ranging from Level 0 to Level 4. Level 0 products are raw data at full instrument resolution. At higher levels, the data are converted into more useful parameters and formats. All EOS instruments must have Level 1 products. Most have products at Levels 2 and 3, and many have products at Level 4.
NASA’s Earth Observing System (EOS) comprises a series of satellites, a science component and a data system which is called The Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS).The data centers distribute more than 2,400 Earth system science data products and associated services for interdisciplinary studies.
In order to implement our data policy tenet that algorithms, including scientific source code, be included in the term data, and be shared fully and openly, the following alternate “Data Rights” clause was created by NASA to include in Cooperative Agreements and Contracts with data providers supported by NASA.
NASA's Earth Science program was established to use the advanced technology of NASA to understand and protect our home planet by using our view from space to study the Earth system and improve prediction of Earth system change. To meet this challenge, NASA promotes the full and open sharing of all data with the research and applications communities, private industry, academia, and the general public.