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Heliophysics research and exploration aims to explore the Sun-Earth system to understand the Sun and its effects on Earth, the solar system, and the space environmental conditions that will be experienced by explorers, and to demonstrate technologies that can improve future operational systems.

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DivisionNameLaunch DatePhase
Heliophysics GOLD
The Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission of opportunity will fly an ultraviolet (UV) imaging spectrograph on a geostationary satellite to measure densities and temperatures in Earth's thermosphere and ionosphere.
20180401 April 2018 2Development
Heliophysics ICON
ICON is a single spacecraft mission dedicated to understanding neutral-ion coupling in the Earth’s upper atmosphere (thermosphere). It will resolve both long-standing and newly emerging questions about the mechanisms that control the daily development of plasma in Earth’s space environment.
20171001 October 2017 2Development
Heliophysics Solar Orbiter
Solar Orbiter is a European Space Agency (ESA) mission to study the Sun from a distance closer than any spacecraft previously has, and will provide images and measurements in unprecedented resolution and detail. This mission is part of SMD's LWS ...
20181017 October 2018 2Development
Heliophysics Solar Probe Plus
Solar Probe Plus will be a historic mission, flying into one of the last unexplored regions of the solar system, the Sun’s atmosphere or corona, for the first time. This mission is part of SMD's LWS Program.
20180708 July 2018 2Development
Heliophysics Space Environment Testbeds
The Space Environment Testbeds (SET) Project performs flight and ground investigations to understand how the Sun/Earth interactions affect humanity.
20161001 October 2016 2Development