Earth Science in Action

We don’t just study climate. We act on it.

NASA collects data to show how our climate is changing from both natural causes and human activities, from documenting impacts on ice sheets, sea level, and Arctic sea ice to monitoring vegetation health and freshwater movement. We are putting decades of research, technology, and innovation to work to improve people's lives on our home planet.

The Marshall Star for June 18, 2024

20 min read

California Teams Win $1.5 Million in NASA’s Break the Ice Lunar Challenge By Savannah Bullard After two days of live competitions, two teams from southern California are heading home with a combined $1.5 million from NASA’s Break the Ice Lunar…

High-Speed Market Studies

2 min read

Owing to NASA’s Quesst mission and Commercial Supersonic Technology project, there is growing industry interest in commercial aircraft that fly faster than the speed of sound. In 2020, NASA funded two independent studies to investigate the economic viability of this…

A galaxy against a black backdrop dotted with more distant galaxies and a few foreground stars. The galaxy is slightly tilted toward us, providing a good view of dark dust lanes from slightly above. They are backlit by the galaxy’s core. This dust appears rusty-brown. The core itself glows brightly in a yellowish light as brilliant-blue regions sparkle through the dust. Several background galaxies also are visible, including an edge-on spiral just to the left of NGC 1546.

NASA Releases Hubble Image Taken in New Pointing Mode

2 min read

NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope has taken its first new images since changing to an alternate operating mode that uses one gyro. The spacecraft returned to science operations June 14 after being offline for several weeks due to an issue with…

A meeting room with a rectangular arrangement of tables is shown, with participants seated around the tables. The room appears to be a formal setting for a discussion or meeting. On the left side, there are several individuals of diverse ethnicities and genders, each with laptops, documents, and bottled drinks in front of them. On the right side, there is another group of participants, similarly equipped with laptops, documents, and bottled drinks. At the head of the table, a large flat-screen TV is mounted on the wall with the JAXA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency) logo above it. The participants seem engaged in a focused discussion or presentation, with some taking notes and others speaking. The room is well-lit with overhead lights, and a blue curtain is visible in the background.

Artemis, Architecture, and Lunar Science: SMD and ESDMD Associate Administrators visits Tokyo

3 min read

June 18, 2024 At NASA we always say that exploration enables science, and science enables exploration. During a recent, quick trip to Tokyo, Japan with our Associate Administrator for the Exploration Systems Development Mission Directorate (ESDMD), Cathy Koerner, I had…

**Alt Text:** A person is working on a laptop with a screen displaying graphs and text. The screen has a large overlay with the text "Achievement Unlocked! Completed 2 full datasets!" The person's right hand is visible on the trackpad, and various browser tabs are open at the top of the screen, indicating an active and busy research session. The environment suggests a focus on data analysis and scientific work.

Happy Birthday, Redshift Wrangler!

2 min read

About one year ago the Redshift Wrangler project first asked you to help examine “spectra” of distant galaxies. These spectra are diagrams that show how much light we receive from them as a function of wavelength.  “Since launching on May 30, 2023,…

GEDI group photo

Summary of the 2023 GEDI Science Team Meeting

23 min read

Introduction The 2023 Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) Science Team Meeting (STM) took place October 17–19, 2023, at the University of Maryland, College Park (UMD), in College Park, MD. Upwards of 80 people participated in the hybrid meeting (around 50…

15 Years Ago: Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Begins Moon Mapping Mission

7 min read

The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) and the Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) launched together from Cape Canaveral Air Force, now Space Force, Station on June 18, 2009, atop an Atlas V launch vehicle. The primary mission of the…

NASA, MagniX Altitude Tests Lay Groundwork for Hybrid Electric Planes

4 min read

At a simulated 27,500 feet inside an altitude chamber at NASA’s Electric Aircraft Testbed (NEAT) facility, engineers at magniX recently demonstrated the capabilities of a battery-powered engine that could help turn hybrid electric flight into a reality.   This milestone, completed…

There are many whiteish rocks in the area that lately attracted the team’s special interest, as this image, taken by Right Navigation Camera onboard NASA's Mars rover Curiosity on Sol 4217 (2024-06-17 02:10:34 UTC) shows.

Sols 4219-4221: It’s a Complex Morning…

6 min read

Earth planning date: Monday, June 17, 2024 Who thought it was a good idea to select a name with the word ‘mammoth’ in it? Well, we don’t remember who did it, and if we did, we wouldn’t say anyways… but these rocks take…

A jumbled field of light toned rocks with unusual ‘popcorn’-like textures and abundant mineral veins.

Perseverance Finds Popcorn on Planet Mars

2 min read

After months of driving, Perseverance has finally arrived at ‘Bright Angel’, discovering oddly textured rock unlike any the rover has seen before.

A black and white photograph of the Mars surface, with some of the metallic structure of the Curiosity rover visible at bottom of the frame. Most of the upper three-quarters of the frame shows an area of flat, broken slabs of light-gray rock in front of the rover, surrounded by darker areas of soil and gravel. The slabs have two small, whitish, ellipitacal marks on their surfaces.

Sols 4216-4218: Another ‘Mammoth’ Plan!

4 min read

Earth planning date: Friday, June 14, 2024 At the start of this week, we did a preload test on the target “Mammoth Lakes,” the rightmost bright ellipse (DRT ellipse, so less dusty) on the workspace image above. The preload test…

Johnson Celebrates LGBTQI+ Pride Month: Meet Maya FarrHenderson

3 min read

Maya FarrHenderson’s first day at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston involved the usual new hire setup and training tasks, but also something special: A tour of the CHAPEA (Crew Health and Performance Exploration Analog) and HERA (Human Exploration Research…

NASA Interns Blast Off for Their First Week at Goddard 

4 min read

Several hundred new faces walked through the gates of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, for the first time on June 3. Who is this small army of motivated space-enthusiasts? It’s Goddard’s 2024 summer intern cohort. Across Goddard’s…

NASA Satellites Find Snow Didn’t Offset Southwest US Groundwater Loss

4 min read

Record snowfall in recent years has not been enough to offset long-term drying conditions and increasing groundwater demands in the U.S. Southwest, according to a new analysis of NASA satellite data. Declining water levels in the Great Salt Lake and…

Slow Your Student’s ‘Summer Slide’ and Beat Boredom With NASA STEM

4 min read

The school year has come to an end, and those long summer days are stretching ahead like an open runway. Parents and educators often worry about the “summer slide,” the concept that students may lose academic ground while out of…

The Crab Nebula. An oval with complex structure extends from lower left to upper right against a black background. On the oval’s exterior lie curtains of glowing yellow and green fluffy material. Its interior shell shows large-scale loops of mottled filaments of yellow-white and green, studded with clumps and knots. Translucent thin ribbons of smoky blue lie within the remnant’s interior, brightest toward its center. The blue material follows different directions throughout, including sometimes sharply curving away from certain regions within the remnant. A faint, wispy ring of blue material encircles the very center of the nebula. Around and within the supernova remnant are many points of blue, green, purple, and white light.

Investigating the Origins of the Crab Nebula With NASA’s Webb

6 min read

New data revises our view of this unusual supernova explosion. A team of scientists used NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope to parse the composition of the Crab Nebula, a supernova remnant located 6,500 light-years away in the constellation Taurus. With…

Globetrotting NASA Research Model Increases Accuracy

4 min read

NASA and its international partners are using the same generically shaped wing design to create physical and digital research models to better understand how air moves around an aircraft during takeoff and landing. Various organizations are doing computer modeling with…

These views, captured from the Sun-facing side of Earth, show the change in Earth’s tilt between the December (left) and June (right) solstices. These images were taken by NASA’s Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s DSCOVR satellite in December 2018 and June 2019.

Tropical Solstice Shadows

4 min read

Solstices were some of our earliest astronomical observations, celebrated throughout history via many summer and winter celebrations.

NASA Announces Winners of 2024 Student Launch Competition

4 min read

Over 1,000 students from across the U.S. and Puerto Rico launched high-powered, amateur rockets on April 13, just north of NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, as part of the agency’s annual Student Launch competition. Teams of middle…

NASA Joins National Space Council in Celebration of Black Space Week

2 min read

Each year, Black Space Week celebrates the achievements of Black Americans in space-related fields. To kick-off Black Space Week 2024, NASA is collaborating with the National Space Council for the Beyond the Color Lines: From Science Fiction to Science Fact…