Earth and Space Science
NGSS PE (link)
Use information from several sources to provide evidence that Earth events can occur quickly or slowly.
Obtain and combine information to describe climates in different regions of the world.
Make a claim about the merit of a design solution that reduces the impacts of a weather-related hazard.
Make observations and/or measurements to provide evidence of the effects of weathering or the rate of erosion by water, ice, wind, or vegetation
Analyze and interpret data from maps to describe patterns of Earth’s features.
Generate and compare multiple solutions to reduce the impacts of natural Earth processes on humans.
Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact.
Describe and graph the amounts of saltwater and fresh water in various reservoirs to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth.
Obtain and combine information about ways individual communities use science ideas to protect the Earth’s resources and environment.
Construct an explanation based on evidence for how geoscience processes have changed Earth's surface at varying time and spatial scales.
Develop a model to describe the cycling of water through Earth’s systems driven by energy from the sun and the force of gravity.
Develop and use a model to describe how unequal heating and rotation of the Earth cause patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that determine regional climates.
Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how the uneven distributions of Earth's mineral, energy, and groundwater resources are the result of past and current geoscience processes.
Analyze and interpret data on natural hazards to forecast future catastrophic events and inform the development of technologies to mitigate their effects.
Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment
Construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human population and per-capita consumption of natural resources impact Earth's systems.
Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century.
Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth's surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems.
Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
Develop a quantitative model to describe the cycling of carbon among the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere.
Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth's systems.
Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.