Shadows Still Seen

Shadows on Saturn's rings, the moons Pan and Janus
October 29, 2009
PIA NumberPIA11612
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About a month after Saturn's August 2009 equinox, shadows continue to grace the planet's rings.

Pan (28 kilometers, or 17 miles across) orbits in the Encke Gap, which runs through the center of the image. The small moon can be seen casting a faint, narrow shadow on the A ring above and to the right of the center of the image.

On the far left of the image, a small vertical structure in the thin F ring can be seen casting a shadow on the ring.

The novel illumination geometry that accompanies equinox lowers the sun's angle to the ringplane, significantly darkens the rings, and causes out-of-plane structures to look anomalously bright and cast shadows across the rings. These scenes are possible only during the few months before and after Saturn's equinox, which occurs only once in about 15 Earth years. Before and after equinox, Cassini's cameras have spotted not only the predictable shadows of some of Saturn's moons (see Across Resplendent Rings), but also the shadows of newly revealed vertical structures in the rings themselves (see A Small Find Near Equinox).

Janus (179 kilometers, or 111 miles across) can be seen in the bottom right of the image. Bright specks in the image are stars.

This view looks toward the northern, sunlit side of the rings from about 6 degrees above the ringplane.

The image was taken in visible light with the Cassini spacecraft narrow-angle camera on Sept. 13, 2009. The view was obtained at a distance of approximately 2.6 million kilometers (1.6 million miles) from Saturn and at a Sun-Saturn-spacecraft, or phase, angle of 117 degrees. Image scale is 15 kilometers (9 miles) per pixel.

The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the mission for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging operations center is based at the Space Science Institute in Boulder, Colo.

For more information about the Cassini-Huygens mission visit . The Cassini imaging team homepage is at .

Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute