India's Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM)—or Mangalyaan (Hindi for "Mars Craft")—was the country's first mission to the Red Planet. The mission goal was to test key technologies for interplanetary exploration and to use its five science instruments to study the Martian surface and atmosphere from orbit.
The mission arrived safely in Mars orbit—completing the technology test. The spacecraft then spent eight years in orbit, returning science data and far exceeding its expected mission of six to 10 months.
Nov. 5, 2013 | 09:08 UT: Launch
Sept. 23, 2014 | 1:47:32 UT: Mars Orbit Insertion
April 2022 | : End of Mission
Launch Vehicle: PSLV
Spacecraft Mass: 1,075 pounds (488 kilograms)
Mars Color Camera
Lyman Alpha Photometer
Thermal Imaging Spectrometer
Mars Exospheric Neutral Composition Analyzer
Methane Sensor for Mars