Mars Sample Return is an international partnership between NASA and ESA (European Space Agency) that would bring samples of Mars material collected by NASA's Mars Perseverance rover safely back to Earth. Once back on Earth, the samples would undergo comprehensive analysis for generations to come, using sophisticated instruments and laboratories only available on Earth.
Orbiter / Lander / Rocket / Helicopter
2027 (orbiter) and 2028 (lander)
Bring Mars samples collected by the Perseverance rover to Earth