Who Has Walked on the Moon?

Black and white photo of a boot print left on the moon's surface
Astronaut in a white spacesuit standing on the surface of the Moon next to a robotic spacecraft with his human crew vehicle on the horizon.
This unusual photograph, taken during the second Apollo 12 extravehicular activity (EVA), shows two U.S. spacecraft on the surface of the Moon. The Apollo 12 Lunar Module (LM) is in the background. The unmanned Surveyor 3 spacecraft is in the foreground.

Editor's Note: Four more human beings are set to return to the Moon in late 2024. NASA's Artemis II crew will include the first woman and first person of color to visit the Moon.

Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin were the first of 12 human beings to walk on the Moon. Four of America's moonwalkers are still alive: Aldrin (Apollo 11), David Scott (Apollo 15), Charles Duke (Apollo 16), and Harrison Schmitt (Apollo 17).

In all, 24 American astronauts made the trip from Earth to the Moon between 1968 and 1972. Three astronauts made the journey from Earth to the Moon twice: James Lovell (Apollo 8 and Apollo 13), John Young (Apollo 10 and Apollo 16), and Gene Cernan (Apollo 10 and Apollo 17).

The 12 Moon Walkers

Neil Armstrong

(1930-2012)–Apollo 11

Headshot of man in a white space suit holding a helmet in front of a backdrop photo of the moon

Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin

(1930-)–Apollo 11

Headshot of a man in a green jacket and red tie

Charles "Pete" Conrad

(1930-1999)–Apollo 12

Alan Bean

(1932-2018)–Apollo 12

Alan B. Shepard Jr.

(1923-1998)–Apollo 14

Edgar D. Mitchell

(1930-2016)–Apollo 14

David R. Scott

(1932-)–Apollo 15

James B. Irwin

(1930-1991)–Apollo 15

John W. Young

(1930-2018)–Apollo 10 (orbital), Apollo 16 (landing)

Charles M. Duke

(1935-)–Apollo 16

Eugene Cernan

(1934-2017)–Apollo 10 (orbital), Apollo 17 (landing)

Harrison H. Schmitt

(1935-)–Apollo 17

Who Orbited the Moon?

Portrait of astronauts Tom Stafford and Wally Schirra

Thomas Stafford

(1930-)–Apollo 10

Frank Borman

(1928-2023)–Apollo 8

William A. Anders

(1933-)–Apollo 8

James A. Lovell Jr.

(1928-)–Apollo 8, Apollo 13

Michael Collins

(1930-2021)–Apollo 11

Richard F. Gordon Jr.

(1929-2017)–Apollo 12

Fred W. Haise Jr.

(1933-)–Apollo 13

John L. Swigert Jr.

(1931-1982)–Apollo 13

Portrait of Stuart Roosa

Stuart A. Roosa

(1933-1994)–Apollo 14

Alfred M. Worden

(1932-2020)–Apollo 15

Thomas K. Mattingly II

(1936-2023)–Apollo 16

Ronald E. Evans

(1933-1990)–Apollo 17

The Apollo Program

“That’s one small step for a man. One giant leap for mankind.” Neil Armstrong

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