XMM Newton (X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission Newton)

This illustration shows ESA's XMM-Newton observatory in shades of blue. Overall, the craft is dragonfly-shaped with a long, cylindrical body and an open "head" from which two solar array "wings" extend.
Historical DateDecember 20, 2022
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An illustration of ESA's XMM Newton observatory. The colors depicted in this illustration are for artistic purposes only.

XMM-Newton is a space satellite that uses X-ray and optical/ultraviolet telescopes to study a wide variety of objects, from distant galaxy clusters to solar system planets. NASA provided funding for elements of the instrument package and supports the U.S. scientific community’s usage of XMM-Newton.

Launched: December 10, 1999