Voyager 2 image of Umbriel.
The southern hemisphere of Umbriel displays heavy cratering in this Voyager 2 image, taken Jan. 24, 1986, from a distance of 557,000 kilometers (346,000 miles).


Umbriel was discovered on Oct. 24, 1851 by English astronomer William Lassell.


Umbriel is the darkest of Uranus' largest moons. It reflects only 16 percent of the light that strikes its surface, a feature similar to the highland areas of Earth's Moon. Other Uranian moons are much brighter. The process by which Umbriel's ancient cratered surface was darkened remains a mystery.

Umbriel has a diameter of about 750 miles (1,200 kilometers). Images taken by Voyager 2 in 1986 revealed a curious bright ring about 90 miles (140 kilometers) in diameter on the moon's dark surface. It is unclear what created the distinctive ring, although it may be frost deposits associated with an impact crater.

A 3D model of Umbriel, a moon of Uranus.
NASA Visualization Technology Applications and Development (VTAD)

How Umbriel Got its Name

Umbriel is named for a malevolent spirit in English poet Alexander Pope's 18th century poem "Rape of the Lock."

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