NASA Science Missions

Featured Missions

Upcoming mission milestones showcase the breadth and depth of NASA science.

A montage of the Webb Space Telescope over a composited background of stars and galaxies.

James Webb Space Telescope

Webb is celebrating one year of incredible discoveries, from exoplanets to the early Universe.

An artistic visualization of the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft hovering above the surface of Asteroid Bennu. The spacecraft is silver, shiny with two wings on the top and a long extension from the bottom.


OSIRIS-REx is the first U.S. mission to collect samples from an asteroid. It returned the samples to Earth on Sept. 24, 2023, kicking off an exciting autumn of asteroid milestones!

Parker Solar Probe orbiting over The Sun.

Parker Solar Probe

Parker just completed its 16th orbit, moving ever closer to the surface of the Sun. Celebrate this mission and others with the Heliophysics Big Year, beginning in October 2023.

All Science Missions


Image of a gloved hand and normal hand exchanging a colorful chip; text reads 3D tissue chips advanced biomedical research

3D Tissue Chips

Developing tissue chips that can be used for modeling of acute and/or chronic exposures for 6 months or longer 3D…


NASA’s Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) collects and analyzes particles of solar, interplanetary, interstellar and galactic origins. The data contributes to…

Photo of plants growing in a controlled environment

Advanced Plant Habitat

Conducting plant bioscience research aboard the International Space Station The Advanced Plant Habitat (APH) is the largest, fully automated plant…



Launch Date May 21, 2010 Launch Site Tanegashima Space Center, Tanegashima, Japan Destination Venus Type Orbiter Status Successful–In Progress Nation…

Artist's concept of the Aqua spacecraft above Earth.


Earth Orbiter


Note: This page refers to the twin robotic spacecraft currently studying the Moon. For details on NASA’s new Artemis mission…

an illustration of the Aura spacecraft in orbit, seen from below


Earth Orbiter

Above Earth, the International Space Station orbits. From one area toward the middle of the station, a transparent cone highlights a rainbow stripe of Earth's atmosphere.


The Atmospheric Waves Experiment (AWE) is attached to the exterior of the Earth-orbiting International Space Station. From its space station…

Two orbiters mated together in deep space.


What is BepiColombo? BepiColombo is an international mission comprised of two spacecraft riding together to Mercury to orbit and to…

Image of the earth on the left with the sun in the far distance and the moon on the right. Overlaying text reads: Biological Experiment-01 and Studying how life responds to conditions beyond low-Earth orbit.


Biological Experiment-01 on Artemis I Studying how life responds to conditions beyond low Earth orbit BioExperiment-01 (BioExpt-01) will serve as…

an illustration of calipso in space


Earth Orbiter

an illustration of Chandra in space


Space Telescope

an illustration of the Cloudsat spacecraft in orbit around Earth


Earth Orbiter


Cluster II is a space mission sponsored by the European Space Agency (ESA), along with NASA participation focused primarily on…


Multiple Microsatellites

Spacecraft in space.


DSCOVR is a space weather station that monitors the solar wind, provides space weather alerts and images.

illustration depicting signals passing through ionosphere

E-TBEx: Enhanced Tandem Beacon Experiment

NASA’s Enhanced Tandem Beacon Experiment, or E-TBEx, mission explores bubbles in the electrically-charged layers of Earth’s upper atmosphere, which can…

ExoMars Program

The ExoMars Trace Gas orbiter scans methane and other trace gases in Mars' atmosphere. Schiaparelli was a lander test.

This image shows the entire sky as seen by Fermi's Large Area Telescope


Overview Fermi observes light with energies thousands to hundreds of billions of times greater than what our eyes can detect.…

Gaia spacecraft with Milky Way in background


What is Gaia? Gaia, the Global Astrometric Interferometer for Astrophysics, is a European Space Agency astronomical observatory mission. Its goal…

GOES-R series satellite 3d rendering front left side visible with the Earth reflected in it's solar panels.

GOES Satellite Network

The first satellite in the series, GOES-R, now known as GOES-16, was launched in 2016 and is currently operational as…


Earth Orbiter

Illustration of Japan's Hayabusa2 spacecraft in space near Earth


Japan's Hayabusa 2 collected samples from asteroid Ryugu for return to Earth.

Hubble Space Telescope in space with Earth in the background.

Hubble Space Telescope

Since its 1990 launch, the Hubble Space Telescope has changed our fundamental understanding of the universe.

An illustration of a spacecraft with blue solar panels on the front and instruments sticking out explores space with Earth visible in the darkness of space..


What is Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX)? Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) is a NASA spacecraft mapping the boundary of our solar…

An artist’s rendering of the ICESat-2 satellite with a solar panel coming off to the right and lasers beaming to the Earth which curves across the bottom of the screen.


Earth Orbiter

Illustration of spacecraft at Jupiter with four moons visible.


Goals JUICE (JUpiter ICy moons Explorer) will explore Jupiter and three of its icy moons in depth. Launch April 14,…

This artist concept depicts the Juno spacecraft which will launch from Earth in 2011 and will arrive at Jupiter in 2016 to study the giant planet from an elliptical, polar orbit.


Jupiter Orbiter