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NASA Science Missions

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Mission Key

  • Universe
  • Solar System
  • Sun
  • Earth
Operating

Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) observes particles of solar, interplanetary, interstellar,... View Mission

Operating

Fifty miles above the ground, Earth's highest clouds form an icy membrane at the edge of the... View Mission

Past
Illustration of Artemis mission spacecraft

Measures what happens when the Sun’s radiation hits our rocky moon, where there is no magnetic... View Mission

Past
Barrel - Launching Balloons in Antarctica

BARREL is a series of balloon campaigns designed to supplement measurements from NASA’s Van... View Mission

Future

Compact Radiation Belt Explorer (CeREs) will help detect how electrons are energized and lost... View Mission

Past
CINDI Mission Image

The Coupled Ion-Neutral Dynamics Investigations (CINDI), a mission to understand the dynamics of... View Mission

Past

The Cluster II mission is an in-situ investigation of the Earth's magnetosphere using four... View Mission

Future

Expected to launch in 2018, Cusp Plasma Imaging Detector (CUPID) has technology with a wide... View Mission

Future

CubeSat secondary payload that will serve as a “space weather station” to measure particles and... View Mission

Future

ELFIN will explore the mechanisms responsible for the loss of relativistic electrons from the... View Mission

Past
Equator-S Mission Image

EQUATOR-S was a low-cost mission designed to study the Earth's equatorial magnetosphere out to... View Mission

Past

Fast Auroral Snapshot Explorer (FAST) is the second of the Small-Class Explorer (SMEX) missions... View Mission

Operating

The GEOTAIL mission is a collaborative project undertaken by the Institute of Space and... View Mission

Future
illustration of Gold spacecraft with gold light in background

The Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission of opportunity will fly an... View Mission

Operating

The Hinode (Solar-B) is a highly sophisticated observational satellite equipped with three... View Mission

Operating

IBEX is the first mission designed to map the entire region of the boundary of our Solar System... View Mission

Future

ICON is a single spacecraft mission dedicated to understanding neutral-ion coupling in the Earth... View Mission

Past

IMAGE studied the global response of the magnetosphere to changes in the solar wind. Major... View Mission

Past
IMP-8 Mission Image

IMP-8 was instrumented for interplanetary, magnetotail, and magnetospheric boundary studies of... View Mission

Operating

Understanding the interface between the photosphere and corona remains a fundamental challenge... View Mission

Past
ISEE Mission Image

The ISEE (International Sun-Earth Explorer) program was an international cooperative program... View Mission

Operating

MinXSS CubeSat will study the sun’s impact on Earth’s upper atmosphere by measuring soft X-rays... View Mission

Operating

MMS will investigate how the Sun's and Earth's magnetic fields connect and disconnect,... View Mission

Past

The region over the poles of the Earth is one of the most important regions of space that is... View Mission

Operating

Researchers believe that much of the energy released during a flare is used to accelerate, to... View Mission

Past

SAMPEX is the first of NASA's Small Explorer (SMEX) missions. SAMPEX was designed to study the... View Mission

Future
SET-1 Mission Image

The Space Environment Testbeds (SET) Project performs flight and ground investigations to... View Mission

Past
illustration of snow spacecraft with magnetic field in background

The Student Nitric Oxide Explorer (SNOE) is a small scientific spacecraft designed, built, and... View Mission

Operating

SOHO, the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, is a project of international cooperation between... View Mission

Operating

The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) is the first mission and... View Mission

Future

Solar Orbiter is a joint ESA-NASA collaboration that will address the central question of... View Mission

Future
Solar Probe Plus

Solar Probe+ will be an extraordinary and historic mission, exploring what is arguably the last... View Mission