New Principal Investigator (PI) Resources


Welcome to the web pages for scientists and engineers who plan to propose to a NASA Research Opportunity (NRA)  (like Research Opportunites in Space and Earth Science) or an announcement of opportunity (AO) for a flight mission or mission of opportunity from the Science Mission Directorate.  This page provides prospective mission principal investigators with resources that may be useful as they develop their mission concepts, as well as information on developmental opportunities to prepare future mission leaders.

Writing Successful Mission Proposals

On June 5, 2019, Dr. Thomas Zurbuchen gave a colloquium entitled “Writing Successful Proposals: Observations from NASA.” The talk detailed the process to develop and submit a mission proposal, and relevant stakeholders along the way. The talk also highlighted characteristics of proposals submitted during the last 20 years to share lessons learned about what makes a proposal successful, common mistakes, and experiences from the point of view from both proposers and the NASA selection official. Copies of the slides are available here, and the video can be viewed here.

Resources for grant proposals:

All of SMD’s grant solicitations are contained in the Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Science (ROSES) solicitation that is issued every year near Valentine’s Day (February 14th). ROSES can be found at the website for the NASA Solicitation and Proposal Integrated Review and Evaluation System (NSPIRES):

All members of a grant proposal team must be registered in the NSPIRES system before a proposal may be submitted.  Registration also allows individuals to subscribe to email lists that announce the release of new NRA’s and AO’s. The registration process is accessed through a  link on the right side of the NSPIRES home page.

Information on the creation of proposals to NRA’s and how they are evaluated may be found in the Guidebook to Proposer’s to NASA Research Announcements and Cooperative Agreement Notices. This guidebook is revised each year. The current guidebook, along with several older versions may be found at

Further information about NASA’s proposal, evaluation, and selection processes and much more may be found at the SARA website at  Included on this site is a way to volunteer to serve on a NASA grant peer reveiew panel.  Serving on a panel is a great way to learn about what NASA values in proposals.

Information about how to manage your grant may be found in the Grants and Cooperative Agreements Handbook (GCAM) that is found at and a great deal of technical information about NASA’s grants is available from the NASA Sponsored Research Business Activity website at

Finally, NASA grant management recipient training is available at This training goes into great detail on the management of NASA grants from the recipient’s point of view.

Planning Resources for AO’s:

SMD’s AO’s are based on a standard template. The current version of this template is version 5.0 and it may be found at

The Science Office for Mission Assessments maintains a website ( with information on all of the competed opportunities and lessons learned from past Technical, Management, and Cost (TMC) review of proposals.  Prospective principal investigators should review this information well in advance of submitting a proposal to NASA.

Prospective principal investigators are encouraged to review the Planning List for SMD Solicitations ( anticipated over the next two years.  This list represents a snapshot of SMD's plans as of the revision date. These are projected solicitations and planning dates only.  NASA cannot guarantee that the final solicitations will be released, or that they will be released by the planning date.

Mission Management Resources:

Proposers new to the mission management process are encouraged to review NASA Procedural Requirement 7120.5, NASA Space Flight Program and Project Management Requirements, for information on how NASA formulates and implements space flight programs and projects.  Information on both NPR 7120.5 and the accompanying handbook are available here:

NASA Procedural Requirement 7123.1, NASA Systems Engineering Processes and Requirements, provides information on the system engineering requirements for NASA Projects.  Information on both NPR 7123.1 and the accompanying handbook are available here:

Professional Development Resources:

NASA offers a number of fellowships and postdoctoral opportunities for early career researchers, including those with an interest in hardware development and future mission leadership.  Information about these opportunities is available here: learners/learner-opportunities#postops

SMD is developing information sessions and workshops for prospective mission principals investigators. These will include overview sessions at upcoming science conferences and hands-on workshops targeted towards people who are in the process of developing their first proposals.  Information on the first workshop, the PI Launchpad, is available at To subscribe to the mailing list to learn about these opportunities, please visit

Dr. Elizabeth Frank organized and led a panel discussion via Zoom with current and past mission leaders about the skills needed to lead a mission or instrument team. The focus of the discussion was to be on those skills that are not talked about in the science community much — people skills. The discussion was edited into an hour-long video available at

Resources on NASA’s Policies on Harassment and Discrimination:

Dr. Thomas Zurbuchen has written that “We are all responsible for addressing harassment in the workplace. All  too often bystanders have failed to intervene, allowing predators to continue harassment for years or even decades.

On September 11, 2018, Administrator Bridenstine signed the NASA  Policy Statement on Antidiscrimination in NASA Conducted or Funded  Program, Activities, and Institutions. Let me reinforce the  Administrator's policy that discrimination on the basis of race, color,  and national origin, sex (including sexual harassment), disability and  age is not acceptable.

Harassment is a serious violation of professional ethics, and should be  regarded and treated as such within NASA, as well as our contractor and  associated academic communities. I would like to encourage everyone  related to NASA science to report harassment claims directly utilizing the information provided in the NASA policy statement signed by  Administrator Bridenstine.”

The Administrator's policy can be found at:

Other information on NASA’s policies may be found at the “MissionSTEM” website, managed by NASA’s Office of Discrimination and Equal Opportunity (ODEO). Among the information found there is NASA Form 1206, the Civil Rights Assurance Form ( which is a certification filed by entities receiving NASA grant awards  (usually Universities) that they are not engaging in illegal discrimination, including harassment. The form provides a host of information on specific requirements, such as institutional discrimination complaint procedures.

NASA’s official statement on nondiscrimination is contained in NASA Policy Directive (NPD) 2081.1, Nondiscrimination in Federally Assisted and Conducted Programs of NASA. This NPD is a statement of NASA’s policy prohibiting discrimination and harassment among programs and activities receiving NASA grant awards or conducted by the Agency, for example, the process of awarding grants. This directive also sets forth NASA’s expectations, as a matter of policy, for diversity and inclusion among grantee institutions. The policy may be accessed at:

Finally, the processes for raising concerns regarding discrimination or harassment are varied depending on many factors.  A summary is provided in the brief document Information Statement on Raising Discrimination or Harassment Concerns that is intended to inform individuals who are members of various constituencies associated with NASA, including civil servants, contractors, and grantee beneficiaries, the available process(es) and resources for filing a complaint. This document is located at:


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